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Home » Authorised varieties » Tempranillo





Tempranillo


This red wine variety originated from Spain, probably La Rioja. Tempranillo means "little early one" which refers to the fact that it has an early ripening season.

Over the last few decades it has become the leading Spanish red wine variety and is an ambassador to Spain's wines throughout the world. It is grown in most Spanish wine producing regions and in other countries such as Portugal, the United States, Australia, Argentina, etc. It has many different names (or synonymies): Tinta Fina, Tinta del País, Valdepeñas, Cencibel, Ull de Llebre, Aragonés, Tinta Roriz ... A theory put forward by the prestigious specialist, Luis Hidalgo, links it to the Pinot Noir grape of the French Burgundy region, a variety which may have been brought to Spain, like many others, through the Way of St James. Although this variety has a long-standing presence in Navarre, it has only gained popularity over the last two decades, and is now the leading red wine variety of the D.O. with 6,800 hectares accounting for 37% of the total surface area. It is present throughout Navarre, although it is more predominant in the Ribera Alta, Ribera Baja and Tierra Estella.

Tempranillo wines are generally of a medium to dark intensity, slightly acidic, a good body and with aromas reminiscent of blackberries and liquorice. They are used for young, generally monovarietal wines and also particularly lend themselves to barrel ageing, where they are normally blended with other varieties.

Agricultural data

Vegetative cycle

  • Bud break: mid to late season.
  • Flowering mid June.
  • Veraison late July.
  • 2nd period or semi-early ripening.
  • Medium to long cycle.

Pests and diseases

  • Susceptible to oidium and mites.
  • Very prone to leaf desiccation under extreme climatic conditions.

Habitat

  • Cool climates with a certain degree of humidity. Highly sensitive to manifest drought (defoliation).
  • Deep soil, not very loose, medium consistency and with a good water retention capacity.
  • A preference for land that is well oriented for the sun and wind, preferably slopes to low-lying land or near a water course.
  • Thermal region III - IV.

Cluster

  • Medium - large size, medium compactness, long, drooping, conical - cylindrical form, with evident shoulders.
  • The mean weight is 270 gr. / cluster.
  • Medium - large berry, round, intense black - blue, somewhat waxy and thick stalk.

Yield

  • From medium to good, regular year after year.

Source: EVENA

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